A

 

Ago (あご) jaw, chin

Aiki Jinja (合気神社) Aiki Shrine in Iwama, Japan

Aiki Jinja Rei Taisai (合気神社例大祭) Grand Festival of Aiki, commemoration on 29 April at the Aiki Jinja

Arigato (有り難う) thank you (informal)

Arigato gozaimashita (有り難うございました) thank you very much (formal past)

Arigato gozaimasu (有り難うございます) thank you very much (formal non-past)

Ashi (足) leg, foot

Ashikubi (足首) ankle

Atama (頭) head

Atemi (当て身) strike (to a vital point)

B

Bokken (木剣) wooden sword

Bokuto (木刀) wooden sword

Budo (武道) martial way

Budoka (武道家) someone who follows a martial way

Budokan (武道館) hall for martial arts

Bujin (武人) martial person

Buki (武器) weapon

Bukiwaza (武器技) weapons technique(s)

C

Chudan (中段) mid level

Chudan zuki (中段突き) mid level thrust (chest)

D

Dan: step, degree (black belt rank)

Do: way

Dogi: way clothes, training uniform

Dojo: place of the way, training hall

Dojo cho: dojo head instructor

Domo arigato: thank you

Domo arigato gozaimashita: Thank you very much indeed (past)

Domo arigato gozaimasu: Thank you very much indeed (non-past)

-dori: Verb: toru-  to take, to grasp

Doshu: Head of the Way, hereditary title of eldest son of the Ueshiba family

E

Embu: demonstration

Eri: collar, lapel

Eri jime: collar strangle

F

Fukuro shinai (袋竹刀) bamboo and leather practice sword

Fudoshin (不動心) unmoving spirit

Funagogi undo (船漕ぎ運動) boat rowing exercise

G

-gaeshi/kaeshi: reverse, turnover, sweep

Ganmen: face

Ganseki otoshi: dropping rocks and stones technique

Garamu: verb; twist up

-gatame/katame: to control, maintain

Gedan: low level

-geri/keri: kick

Go: five

Godan: fifth dan (black blet)

Gokyu: fifth kyu

Gomen nasai: I am sorry

Gyaku: opposite

H

Hachi: eight

Hachidan: eighth dan

Hai: yes

Hajime: start

Hakama: pleated trousers

Hanmi: half body

Hanmi handachi: one person standing and one person sitting

Happo: Eight directions

Happo giri: Eight directional cuts

Hara: abdomen, belly

Hasso no kamae: stance with the weapon held vertically at right shoulder

Henkawaza: variation

Hidari: left

Hiji: elbow

Hito emi: person's shadow

Hiza: knee

Hyaku: hundred

I

Ikkyo: first learning

Ikkyu: first kyu

In: yin, negative/inclusive principle

Irimi: entering

Iriminage: entering throw

J

Jiyu geiko: free training

Jiyu waza: freestyle techniques

Jo: staff

Jo dori: staff taking, disarming

Jo nage: staff retention

Jodan: upper level

Jodan no kamae: stance with weapon held above forehead

Jodan zuki: upper level thrust

Ju: ten

Juji: figure ten (cross shape)

Juji nage: cross shaped throw

Jutsu: art

K

Kaeshi waza: reversal technique, counter

Kaiten: revolve, turn, spin

Kaiten nage: revolving throw

Kakato: heel

Kamae: stance, posture, attitude

Kami: deity

Kami dana: shrine (shelf of the divine)

Kamiza: upper seat (area designated for seniors in the dojo)

Kangeiko: cold training, midwinter training

Kansetsu: joint

Kansetsu waza: joint tecnique

Kata: form

Kata: single

Kata: shoulder

Kata dori: shoulder grab

Katame waza: imobilising technique, pin

Katana: Japanese sword

Katate: one hand

Katate dori: one hand grab

Keiko: training

Keikogi: training clothes

Ken: sword

Keri: kick

Kesa: buddhist robe

Kesa giri: to cut diagonally along the lapel

Ki: life force

Kiai: harmonised energy, energetic shout

Kihon: basic

Kimusubi: tying together of energy

Ki no nagare: flowing with ki, fluid techniques

Kiri: cut

Kissaki: tip of the sword blade

Kiza: kneeling on heels with toes rolled under

Ko: small

Kodachi: small sword

Hohai: junior

Kokoro: heart, spirit

Kokoro gamae: attitude

Kokyu: breath, timing

Kokyu ho: breath method/exercise

Kokyu nage: breath/timing throw

Koryu: old school

Koryu bujutsu: pre-modern martial arts

Konbanwa: good evening

Konnichiwa: hello 

Kosa dori: cross-hand grip

Koshi: hip

Koshi ita: back-plate of hakama

Koshi nage: hip throw

Kotai: firm

Kotai: change roles

Kote: wrist

Kote gaeshi: wrist twist

Kotodama: the study of the mystical power of language

Ku: emptiness, void

Ku: nine

Kubi: neck

Kubi nage: neck throw

Kuchi: mouth

Kudasai: please

Kuden: oral transmission, (secret) intergenerational spoken instruction

Kumi jo: paired staff routine

Kyu: nine

Kyu: level (pre black belt rank)

Kyusho: vital point

M

Maai: spacing

Mae: front

Mae ukemi: forward roll

Maki: wrap

Massugu: straight

Men: face

Menkyo: license

Migi: right

Mimi: ear

Misogi: purification

Mo ichido onegaishimasu: "once more please"

Mokuso: concentration, meditation

Morote dori: two hands grabbing one

Mudansha: someone who does not have a black belt

Mukyu: without rank

Muna dori: chest grab

Mune: chest

Musubi: tie up, knot, unite (birthing)

Mute: without hands

N

Nagare: flowing

Nage: throw, thrower

Nageru: verb; to throw

Naka: inside

Nana: seven

Nanadan: seventh dan

Naname: diagonal

Ne waza: ground techniques

Ni: two

Nidan: second dan

Nikyo: second learning

Nikyu: second kyu

O

Obi: belt

Okuden: deep transimission

Omote: front

Omote waza: techniques that are revealed to the public

Onegaishimasu: Please help me

Osaeru: verb; to hold, to restrain

Osae waza: pinning technique

Otagae ni rei: "bow to one another"

Otosu: verb; to drop

Owarimasu: verb; finish

Oyasumi nasai: good night

Oyowaza: applied technique

R

Randori: random attacks

Rei: bow

Reigi: etiquette

Riai: integrity of principles

Ritsurei: standing bow

Roku: six

Rokkyo: sixth learning

Rokkyu: sixth kyu

Rokudan: sixth dan

Ryokata: both shoulders

Ryokatadori: both shoulders grabbed

Ryote: both hands

Ryotedori: both hands grabbed

Ryu: school, system

S

Sabaki: action, motion

San: three

Sandan: third dan

Sankaku: triangle

Sankaku jime: triangular strangle

Sankyo: third learning

Sankyu: third kyu

Satori: awakening, enlightenment

Saya: scabbard

Sayonara: good bye

Sayu: right and left

Seigan: pure sight

Seigan no kamae (正眼の構え) stance with butt of weapon at centre and tip at chin height

Seika tanden: point at the centre of gravity in the lower abdomen

Senaka: back

Seiza: kneeling (correct sitting)

Sempai: senior

Sensei: teacher

Sensei ni rei: "bow to the teacher"

Shaku: unit of measurement - approximately 300mm

Shi: four

Shidoin: instructor

Shiho: four direction

Shiho giri: four directional strike

Shihonage: four directional throw

Shihan: master teacher

Shikkou: knee walking (膝行)

Shime: strangle, choke

Shime waza: strangulation techniques

Shinai: bamboo sword

Shinsaiin: Grading panel

Shinsaiin ni rei: "bow to the grading panel"

Shita: down

Shizen: natural

Shizen tai: natural stance, feet shoulder width apart

Shodan: first dan

Shomen: centre of head

Shomen: front of the dojo

Shomen ni rei: "bow to the front"

Shomen uchi: strike to the centre of the head

Shoshinsha: beginner

Shugyo: intensive training

Shuriken: throwing blades

Sode: sleeve

Sodeguchi: opening of cuff

Soke: headmaster of particular koryu (classical Japanese martial arts)

Soto: outside

Soto deshi: student living away from dojo

Suburi: solo weapons exercise

Sumimasen: excuse me, pardon me

Sumi otoshi: corner drop

Sutemiwaza: sacrafice technique

Suwariwaza: seated technique

T

Tachi: sword

Tachi dori: sword taking technique

Tachiwaza: standing techniques

Taijutsu: body art, unarmed technique(s)

Tai no henka: preliminary partnered turning exercise

Tai sabaki: body movement

Tanden: elixir field, three focal points for energy, in the lower abdomen, the chest and the forehead

Taninzu gake: multiple attackers

Tanken: dagger

Tanken dori: knife taking, disarming

Tanren: forging

Tanren uchi: forging the body through mulitple strikes against a resilient target

Tanto: dagger

Tanto dori: knife taking, disarming

Tate no kamae: stance with jo standing vertically in front of the body

Tekubi: wrist

Te: hand

Te no hira: palm of hand

Tegatana: blade of hand (hand sword)

Ten: heaven

Tenchinage: heaven and earth throw

Tenkan: Pivot

Tenugui: multi-purpose towel/scarf

Tobu ukemi: flying fall, high-fall

Tori: verb; to take, hold, grab, the person who grabs

Tsuba: hand gaurd of sword

Tsuki: thrust, stab, punch

Tsuki no kamae: stance with staff horizontal at centre height

U

Uchi: inside

Uchi: strike

Uchi deshi: aprrentice, student living in the dojo

Ude: arm

Ude jime: elbow lock

Ue: up

Uke: receiver

Ukemi: receiving body, safe falling

Ura: rear

Ushiro: back

Ushiro ukemi: backward roll

Ushirowaza: techniques from behind

W

Wakarimasen: I dont understand

Wakarimashita: I understand

Wakizashi: short sword (sword thrust into the side)

Waki no kamae: stance with sword at right side, tip back

Waza: technique

Y

Yame: stop

Yari: spear

Yawara: old term for grappling/throwing

Yo: yang, positive/expansive principle

Yoi: ready

Yoko: side

Yoko ukemi: side roll

Yokomen: side of head, temple

Yokomenuchi: strike to side of head/neck

Yondan: Fourth dan

Yonkyo: fourth learning

Yonkyu: fourth kyu

Yubi: finger

Yukkuri: slowly

Z

 

Zanshin: remaining spirit

Zarei: seated bow

Zazen: seated meditation

Zengo: front and back

Zengo giri: cutting front and back

Zenshin: whole body

Zori: sandals